Litter Plans 2017 April puppies planned in the US and Sweden! Complete our application 
© Oakwood German Pinschers - updated July 2017
Explanation on Inbreeding Coefficients:  The inbreeding coefficient (COI) shows how diverse the pedigree is with different ancestors and calculates the percentage of inbreeding based on how many times the same ancestors are found in a pedigree.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient (AVK) is the amount of genetics lost within the gene pool by doing a particular breeding combination.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient should be as close as possible to 100% and Inbreeding Coefficient being as close as possible to 0%.  Genetics experts recommend a COI no higher than 6% in 5 generations with a recommendation of under 3% in 5 generations being ideal to maintain diversity.  The Global GP Database can help buyers assess the level of inbreeding of the parents of most litters. Example: Nikki’s litter with Force is 1.279% COI in 5 generations with an AVK of 95.2% I have bred several generations of outcrossed pedigrees and yet have maintained excellent structure, type, health, temperament and movement.  Contrary to breeders “popular belief” that line breeding is the only method to maintain quality and type, here at Oakwood we have proven that quality and type can be maintained with excellent results without putting puppies and the gene pool at greater risk for genetic health and temperament problems by inbreeding or linebreeding 
Litter Plans 2017 April puppies planned in the US and Sweden! Complete our application 
Explanation on Inbreeding Coefficients:  The inbreeding coefficient (COI) shows how diverse the pedigree is with different ancestors and calculates the percentage of inbreeding based on how many times the same ancestors are found in a pedigree.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient (AVK) is the amount of genetics lost within the gene pool by doing a particular breeding combination.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient should be as close as possible to 100% and Inbreeding Coefficient being as close as possible to 0%.  Genetics experts recommend a COI no higher than 6% in 5 generations with a recommendation of under 3% in 5 generations being ideal to maintain diversity.  The Global GP Database can help buyers assess the level of inbreeding of the parents of most litters. Example: Nikki’s litter with Force is 1.279% COI in 5 generations with an AVK of 95.2% I have bred several generations of outcrossed pedigrees and yet have maintained excellent structure, type, health, temperament and movement.  Contrary to breeders “popular belief” that line breeding is the only method to maintain quality and type, here at Oakwood we have proven that quality and type can be maintained with excellent results without putting puppies and the gene pool at greater risk for genetic health and temperament problems by inbreeding or linebreeding 
Force and his owner Kseniya flew from Russia to Sweden for a rondevoux with Nikki.   
© Oakwood German Pinschers - updated July 2017