Litter Plans November puppies expected! Complete our application 
© Oakwood German Pinschers - updated September 2018
Explanation on Inbreeding Coefficients:  The inbreeding coefficient (COI) shows how diverse the pedigree is with different ancestors and calculates the percentage of inbreeding based on how many times the same ancestors are found in a pedigree.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient (AVK) is the amount of genetics lost within the gene pool by doing a particular breeding combination.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient should be as close as possible to 100% and Inbreeding Coefficient being as close as possible to 0%.  Genetics experts recommend a COI no higher than 6% in 5 generations with a recommendation of under 3% in 5 generations being ideal to maintain diversity.  Follow this link to the Global GP Database  where you can look at parents and puppy’s pedigree to assess the level of inbreeding as well as health testing.  Please underatand that all health information is provided by the owners/breeders and should be independently verified.  Example: Nikki’s litter with Force born in November is 1.279% COI in 5 generations with an AVK of 95.2%.  Merlot and Ace’s litter is 3.86%. I have bred several generations of outcrossed pedigrees and I have maintained excellent structure, type, health, temperament and movement.  Contrary to breeders “popular belief” that line breeding is the only method to maintain quality and type, here at Oakwood we have proven that quality and type can be maintained with excellent results without putting puppies and the gene pool at greater risk for genetic health and temperament problems by inbreeding or linebreeding.  The Merlot x Ace breeding is my first litter combining two Oakwood dogs since 2009 and remains within the recommended level below 6% inbreeding, the litter is loosely line bred on my foundation bitch Georgia, who is Merlot’s grandmother and Ace’s great grandmother.    Dogs known to produce health issues in their offspring ARE currently being used in breeding programs and buyers are only being told that the parents have passed their health testing.  While that is true, when they have produced offspring with an issue, clearly their own health testing is not enough proof of good health genetics.  Ask breeders for more than the health certifications of parents!  Ask them what health issues have been produced by the parents and grandparents.  If they are honest they will disclose that information.  Beware the breeder who says they have no issues in health or temperament in their lines… they are probably not telling you the truth.  Research for yourself on www.offa.org or on the German Pincher Global Database. 

How to research pedigrees:

Litter Plans November puppies expected! Complete our application 
Explanation on Inbreeding Coefficients:  The inbreeding coefficient (COI) shows how diverse the pedigree is with different ancestors and calculates the percentage of inbreeding based on how many times the same ancestors are found in a pedigree.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient (AVK) is the amount of genetics lost within the gene pool by doing a particular breeding combination.  The Ancestor Loss Coefficient should be as close as possible to 100% and Inbreeding Coefficient being as close as possible to 0%.  Genetics experts recommend a COI no higher than 6% in 5 generations with a recommendation of under 3% in 5 generations being ideal to maintain diversity.  Follow this link to the Global GP Database where you can look at parents and puppy’s pedigree to assess the level of inbreeding as well as health testing.  Please underatand that all health information is provided by the owners/breeders and should be independently verified.  Example: Nikki’s litter with Force born in November is 1.279% COI in 5 generations with an AVK of 95.2%.  Merlot and Ace’s litter is 3.86%. I have bred several generations of outcrossed pedigrees and I have maintained excellent structure, type, health, temperament and movement.  Contrary to breeders “popular belief” that line breeding is the only method to maintain quality and type, here at Oakwood we have proven that quality and type can be maintained with excellent results without putting puppies and the gene pool at greater risk for genetic health and temperament problems by inbreeding or linebreeding.  The Merlot x Ace breeding is my first litter combining two Oakwood dogs since 2009 and remains within the recommended level below 6% inbreeding, the litter is loosely line bred on my foundation bitch Georgia, who is Merlot’s grandmother and Ace’s great grandmother.    Dogs known to produce health issues in their offspring ARE currently being used in breeding programs and buyers are only being told that the parents have passed their health testing.  While that is true, when they have produced offspring with an issue, clearly their own health testing is not enough proof of good health genetics.  Ask breeders for more than the health certifications of parents!  Ask them what health issues have been produced by the parents and grandparents.  If they are honest they will disclose that information.  Beware the breeder who says they have no issues in health or temperament in their lines… they are probably not telling you the truth.  Research for yourself on www.offa.org or on the German Pincher Global Database. 
© Oakwood German Pinschers - updated September 2018

How to research pedigrees: